“The Metropolis strives to reach a mythical point where the world is completely fabricated by man, so that it absolutely coincides with his desires.” ― Rem Koolhaas1
Recently, a specific type of places have sprung up over the globe to host social and technological experiments about fabrication and the act of making2. Populated by an eclectic array of people commonly called makers3, these makerspaces (e.g. hackerspaces, hacklabs, fablabs, living labs…) combine multiple and sometimes contradictory visions and utopias4 about new ways of living, producing and inhabiting the world. The current workshop aims at designing methods and tools to study makerspaces, by considering actors, tools, networks, and localized practices or discourses in larger socio-economics and political contexts across multiple sites5.
Creative spaces in cities
Studying cities has never been an easy task. Spaces are produced by imaginaries6, socio-political settings7 or technologies8 while places are entangled in hybrid realities9 and networks10. Since its formulation 25 years ago, the hypothesis of the creative city11 still remains an important cornerstone of urban design and policies. In a paper called The Anatomy of the Creative City, Cohendet et al12 identify three layers in this creative city : the upperground with formal institutions (firms, companies, public services, etc), the underground where resides creative, artistic and cultural activities without formal production, exploitation or diffusion and more interestingly the middleground which constitues “a critical intermediate structure linking the underground to the upperground” (ibid).
The idea of middleground has been partly illustrated by the concept of third places13, which represents social setups between home and office (cafes, libraries, events, etc). The generic term of makerspaces describes new forms of such third places that dedicate themselves to provide venues to the act of making, in and out the traditional contexts of work and leisure.
Making together and the study of assemblages
What are they? How can these makerspaces be defined? While they first exist as locations, these places are also embedded in larger urban assemblages14 of spatial, social and political networks15. Traditional approaches in social and human sciences (ethnography, statistics, interviews, discourse analysis, etc.) provide little guidance about the conduct of studies on such fragmented and discontinued objects.
Moreover, the passive position of the observer seems to oppose to the active stance of the maker, resulting in possible conflicts in the understanding of makerspaces. What can researchers make? How can makers lead a research about their spaces? How can the collection, record, mapping and visualization of information become the product of a common study? What should the study of making look like?
credits: Fabrique d’Objets Libres (cc)
Prototyping and hybrid methods
The present workshop aims at bringing together makers and practitioners from different background and disciplines to design new methods, processes, protocols or tools that can support the study of local and open-ended objects. Some of these different methods may include : experimental design (fast prototyping, user testing, etc), ethnographic field work (interviews, note-taking, sketching, etc), data-based analysis (text mining, online social network mapping, etc ), sensible approaches of urbanity (soundscapes, exploratory walks, etc)…
Here are some open questions we plan to approach during the workshop :
- Constitute a documentation of activities in a makerspace?
- Co-create research that is useful for the maker communities?
- Use websites and social networks as sources?
- Integrate interviews and field notes with findings from data-based analysis?
- Organize multiple media produced during field work (sounds, pictures, etc.)?
- Lead and record interviews based on third activity (drawings, etc.) ?
- Record and structure networks of relationships between actors?
- Visualize and annotate maps properly to produce new representations?
- Lead workshops as forms of investigation?
- Plan the communication of the research with local communities?
When / Where / How ?
The 18th and 19th May, 2017 at Les Ateliers de Renens in Renens, Switzerland.
The workshop will start on the 18th at 9am and end on the 19th at 6pm. A dinner with all participants is planned on the evening of the 17th.
Address : Les Ateliers de Renens, 5 Chemin du Closel, Renens, Switzerland (Google Map)
Who / How (to participate)?
We welcome designers, architects, makers, researchers, PhD students, and everyone interested in studying makerspaces to participate !
Please submit before April 21st May 1st a short text containing a brief statement (~200 words) about why you are interested in taking part in this workshop, and a short biography of yourself (1 paragraph). All proposals will be reviewed.
Inscriptions are now closed.
Koolhaas, R. (2014). Delirious new york : a retroactive manifesto for Manhattan. The Monacelli Press, LLC. ↩
Ingold, T. (2013). Making : anthropology, archaeology, art and architecture. Routledge. ↩
Anderson, C. (2014). Makers: The New Industrial Revolution. Crown Business. ↩
Lindtner, S., Bardzell, S., & Bardzell, J. (2016). Reconstituting the Utopian Vision of Making. Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - CHI ’16, (May), 1390–1402. http://doi.org/10.1145/2858036.2858506 ↩
Marcus, G. (2009). Multi-sited Ethnography: Notes and Queries. Multi-Sited Ethnography : Theory, Praxis and Locality in Contemporary Research. ↩
Soja, E. W. (1996). Thirdspace : journeys to Los Angeles and other real-and-imagined places. Blackwell. ↩
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Florida, R. (2002). The Rise of the Creative Class. Washington Monthly, (May), 15–25. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8691.2006.00398.x ↩
Cohendet, P., Grandadam, D., & Simon, L. (2010). The Anatomy of the Creative City. Industry & Innovation, 17(1), 91–111. http://doi.org/10.1080/13662710903573869 ↩
Oldenburg, R. (1999). The Great Good Place. The Great Good Place. Marlowe & Company. Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books?id=0aOjHGdSKLMC ↩
McFarlane, C. (2011). The city as assemblage: Dwelling and urban space. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 29(4), 649–671. http://doi.org/10.1068/d4710 ↩
Farías, I., & Bender, T. (2012). Urban assemblages: How actor-network theory changes urban studies. Urban Assemblages: How Actor-Network Theory Changes Urban Studies. Routledge. http://doi.org/10.4324/9780203870631 ↩